EX 13:11-16 Firstborn Law

Scripture

“It shall be, when Yahweh brings you into the land of the Canaanite, as he swore to you and to your fathers, to give to you; 12 you shall set apart to Yahweh all that opens the womb and every firstborn that comes from an animal which you have. The males shall be Yahweh’s. 13 Every firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb; and if you will not redeem it, then you shall break its neck. You shall redeem all the firstborn of man among your sons. 14 It shall be, when your son asks you in time to come, saying, ‘What is this?’ that you shall tell him, ‘By strength of hand Yahweh brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage. 15 When Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, Yahweh killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of livestock. Therefore I sacrifice to Yahweh all that opens the womb, being males; but all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.’ 16 It shall be for a sign on your hand, and for symbols between your eyes; for by strength of hand Yahweh brought us out of Egypt.”

Speaker: Moses | Bible Version: TCMV

Law

  • You shall set apart to Yahweh all that opens the womb and every firstborn that comes from an animal which you have. The males shall be Yahweh’s.

  • Every firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb; and if you will not redeem it, then you shall break its neck.

  • You shall redeem all the firstborn of man among your sons.

  • It shall be, when your son asks you in time to come, saying, ‘What is this?’ that you shall tell him, ‘By strength of hand Yahweh brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage. When Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, Yahweh killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of livestock. Therefore I sacrifice to Yahweh all that opens the womb, being males; but all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.’ It shall be for a sign on your hand, and for symbols between your eyes; for by strength of hand Yahweh brought us out of Egypt.

Judgement

None specific.

Biblical Example

  • From the firstborn of the children of Israel he took the money, one thousand three hundred sixty-five shekels, according to the shekel of the sanctuary; 51 and Moses gave the redemption money to Aaron and to his sons, according to Yahweh’s word, as Yahweh commanded Moses.

NUMB 3:50-51

Present Day Example

This is a present day example of the Firstborn Law being followed.

  • After the birth of a firstborn male Israelite, at a month old, the child's redemption fee must be paid. NUMB 18:14-16

The redemption process for a firstborn Israelite son also includes a price for the difference between the firstborn sons in Israel and Levitical men. NUMB 3:40-51 Firstborn Redemption Law